вторник, 8 июля 2008 г.

Последовательность Ваших мыслей

Владимир Бойко
Американская Академия Бизнес Английского
www.aabe.com.ua


Принципы изложения своих мыслей в процессе сообщения информации более-менее одинаковы во всех языках. О чем бы Вы не рассказывали, Вы предоставляете информацию о чем-нибудь, что произошло в прошлом. Для облегчения процесса восприятия сказанного Вами, нужно правильно соединять мысли. Вы должны четко построить последовательность речи.

Ниже поданы примеры фраз, которые используются в английском языке (как в письменной, так и в устной речи) для сигнализирования последовательности подачи материала.

Начало:
Firstly,
First of all,
To start off with,
Initially,

Примеры:
Firstly, I began my education in London.
First of all, I opened the cupboard.
To start off with, we decided our destination was New York.
Initially, I thought it was a bad idea, ...


Продолжение:
Then,
After that,
Next,
As soon as / When + full clause,
... but then
Immediately,

Примеры:
Then, I started to get worried.
After that, we knew that there would be no problem!
Next, we decided on our strategy.
As soon as we arrived, we unpacked our bags.
We were sure everything was ready, but then we discovered some unexpected problems.
Immediately, I telephoned my friend Tom.


Пауза / Введение новой информации:
Suddenly,
Unexpectedly,

Примеры:
Suddenly, a child burst into the room with a note for Ms. Smith.
Unexpectedly, the people in the room didn't agree with the mayor
.


Действия, происходящие одновременно:

While / As + full clause
During + noun (noun clause)

Примеры:
While we were getting ready for the trip, Jennifer was making the reservations at the travel agent's.
During the meeting, Jack came over and asked me a few questions.



Завершение:
Finally,
In the end,
Eventually,
Lastly,

Примеры:
Finally, I flew to London for my meeting with Jack.
In the end, he decided to postpone the project.
Eventually, we became tired and returned home.
Lastly, we felt we had had enough and went home

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